Urmiye Prison - Hunger Strike

Iranian authorities must immediately respond to the health and security concerns of 27 Kurdish political prisoners on a month-long hunger strike in Orumiyeh, said 21 human rights organizations today. These organizations also urged Iranian authorities to immediately investigate and remedy the broader set of rights violations these men have allegedly faced while in detention.

These Kurdish political prisoners, detained in Orumiyeh (Wermê) Central Prison, have been protesting the conditions of their detention since 20 November 2014. The hunger strikers object to the ongoing transfers of political prisoners to wards housing inmates convicted of violent crimes, such as murder, and the simultaneous introduction of such inmates to Ward 12 of the prison, which typically houses only political prisoners. Iranian law requires the overall humane treatment of all prisoners and specifically mandates that political detainees be separated from those convicted of serious common crime.

“The primary duty of law enforcement is to respect the law. Unfortunately, prison officials are either ignoring or misapplying prison regulations,” said Iranian human rights lawyer and Nobel Peace Laureate Shirin Ebadi. “By failing to separate different types of inmates, they have created an increasingly tense environment in which all prisoners, regardless of their alleged offenses, receive harsh and substandard treatment.”

Prison authorities have tried to pressure the men into ceasing their strike by allegedly resorting to threats of execution, beatings, and transfer to remote prisons in the south of the country, far from the Kurdish region in northwest Iran. The prisoners, however, have communicated to rights groups that they will continue their peaceful strike until their demands are met.

Recent reports indicate that as a result of the month-long hunger strike, several prisoners, including Reza Rasouli, Yusef Kaka Mami, Sherko Hasanpour, Sirwan Najawi, Abdullah Omumi and Mohammad Abdollahi, are in critical condition.

Article 39 of the Constitution of the Islamic Republic of Iran prohibits offenses to the dignity of detained persons. Moreover, Iran’s Prisons Regulations and Regulations on the Methods of Separation and Classification of Prisoners both require the separation of inmates based on their class of crimes.

Despite the new government’s pledges, the number of ethnic minorities and activists facing imprisonment, torture, and even execution continues to rise. According to right groups Iran holds at least 900 political prisoners and prisoners of conscience, including roughly 400 members of the Kurdish community.

Rights groups maintain that the detentions of the 27 men on hunger strike appear to stem from their exercise of fundamental rights, including freedom of expression and freedom of association, or reportedly follow unfair trials. Ten of these prisoners await death sentences for alleged national security offenses.

The situation of Kurdish political prisoners at Orumiyeh Central Prison exemplifies the alarming conditions of prisons throughout Iran. The reported physical abuse and threats to life of these prisoners constitute clear violations of Iran’s national and international commitments, including Article 7 of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, which prohibits torture or cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment.

“These Kurdish political prisoners are trying to tell the world that they are tired of the violation of their rights,” said Taimoor Aliassi, representative of the Association of Human Rights in Kurdistan of Iran-Geneva. “We want them to know they are not forgotten and we demand that Iranian authorities take responsibility for the well-being of these and all political prisoners.”

In response to the ongoing hunger strike in Orumiyeh Prison, the undersigned human rights and civil society organizations urge the Iranian government to:

a) Immediately and unconditionally separate prisoners convicted of violent crimes from political prisoners in Orumiyeh Central Prison;
b) Ensure that all prisoners receive any and all medical care they may require;
c) Protect all prisoners from torture and other ill-treatment;
d) Investigate the cases of the political prisoners in Orumiyeh Central Prison, overturn death sentences for offenses that do not constitute most serious crimes, and immediately and unconditionally release all individuals held in connection with their peaceful exercise of freedom of expression or association.

Names of the prisoners

The ten death row prisoners currently on hunger strike: Mr. Sami Hosseini, Mr. Jamal Mohammadi, Mr. Behruz Alakhani, Mr. Ali Ahmad Soleiman, Mr. Saman Nasim, Mr. Sirwan Najawi, Mr. Ebrahim Eis Pour, Mr. Ali Afshari, Mr. Rezgar Afshari, and Mr. Mohammad Abdullahi.

The other seventeen prisoners on hunger strike, who are serving prison sentences ranging from six months to 34 years: Mr. Masoud Shams Nejad, Mr. Sherko Hasan Pour, Mr. Abdullah Bislnun, Mr. Yusef Kaka Mami, Mr. Osman Mostafa Pour, Mr. Mostafa Ali Ahmad, Mr. Abdullah Omumi, Mr. Wali Afshari, Mr. Kayhan Darwishi, Mr. Mostafa Dawoudi, Mr. Shursh Afshari, Mr. Khezr Rasul Merwat, Mr. Mohammad Abdullah Bakht, Mr. Amir Molladust, Mr. Ahmad Tamuy, Mr. Jafar Afshari, Mr. Reza Rasouli.



Roya Boroumand, Executive Director
Abdorrahman Boroumand Foundation

Kamran Ashtary, Executive Director
Arseh Sevom

Taimoor Aliassi, UN Representative
Association of Human Rights in Kurdistan of Iran-Geneva (KMMK-G)

Karen Parker, President
Association of Humanitarian Lawyers

Mansoor Bibak, Co-Director
Balochistan Human Rights Group

Dr. Shirin Ebadi, Founder and President
Center for Supporters of Human Rights

Raphaël Chenuil-Hazan, Executive Director
Ensemble Contre La Peine de Mort

Ibrahim Al Arabi, Executive Director
European Ahwazi Human Rights Organisation

Kamal Sido, representative
Gesellschaft für bedrohte Völker Deutchland

Keyvan Rafiee, Director
Human Rights Activists in Iran

Mani Mostofi, Director
Impact Iran

Hadi Ghaemi, Executive Director
International Campaign for Human Rights in Iran

Lydia Brazon, Executive Director
International Educational Development, Inc

Jessica Stern, Executive Director
International Gay and Lesbian Human Rights Commission

Mahmood Amiry-Moghaddam, Executive Director
Iran Human Rights

Rod Sanjabi, Executive Director
Iran Human Rights Documentation Center

Shadi Sadr, Co-Director
Justice for Iran

Mahmood Enayat, Director
Small Media

Christoph Wiedmer, Director
Society for Threatened People Switzerland

Firuzeh Mahmoudi, Executive Director
United for Iran

Mohammad Mostafaei, Director
Universal Tolerance


Source: Iran Human Rights Documentation Center